The split-leaf philodendron is among the most common houseplants. Numerous American homes, offices, and nurseries have it. This plant is a beautiful addition to any space, but it does need particular care to grow.
In order to preserve the health of the split-leaf philodendron, we will cover its demands, such as pruning, propagation, and repotting, as well as common problems associated with it.
If you are looking for a vast, low-maintenance tropical plant, you need to go no farther than this leafy snake with its glossy, long-stalked leaves.
The dazzling green of the plants as they move in and out of their slit-like incisions to reach 3 feet in length and 2 feet in breadth is nearly mesmerizing!
What Are Split-Leaf Philodendrons?
The split-leaf philodendron is not your average houseplant. It is a member of the Araceae family and endemic to Central American tropical rainforests!
This imported tropical plant is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay, in addition to Belize.
In the old cultures of Paraguay, northern Argentina, and Brazil, the roots were used for binding, and the yellow/white berries as a source of both food and medicine.
This evergreen shrub has glossy, dark green leaves on long petioles. The plant develops to be around 10 feet (3 meters) tall and 15 feet (4.5 meters) wide.
Its leaves may attain lengths of up to 1 meter (3.3 ft). According to the RHS, it may sometimes produce flower spikes of one foot (30 cm) in length.
There is some confusion around the Split Leaf Philodendron’s naming, so it may be helpful to note the several names by which it has been known.
It is synonymous with Arum pinnatifidum, Philodendron bipinnatifidum, and Philodendron pygmaeum.
This philodendron is suited for any living situation, despite the fact that some folks may choose to keep it as an indoor adornment.
You will like the split-leaf philodendron since these houseplants need little care, making them a perfect alternative if you want to begin gardening with less effort!
The split-leaf philodendron is a beautiful plant with several figurative implications. The divided leaves symbolize both the difference between life and death and good luck.
It also symbolizes roads that split, meaning that you have two options to choose from on your path through life.
Lastly, it may represent spiritual enlightenment since light and air may be seen passing through the leaves.
What Is The Split-Leaf Philodendron Used For?
The Split Leaf Philodendron is a lush, green plant that has been used to impart a tropical ambiance into homes and other locations. When philodendra are present in a home or place, it creates a tranquil, natural atmosphere.
The softly rounded leaves of this particular type of philodendra are helpful for feng shui because their side-to-side movement on the leaf’s surface creates a natural balance between energy.
Additionally, this beautiful houseplant offers therapeutic effects. The roots are used as a purgative, whilst the stems are employed to alleviate inflammation.
Split-Leaf- Phiodendron VS. Monstera
The split-leaf philodendron is often confused with Monstera deliciosa. They are separate yet visually related plants. It is a frequent error. Even newborns misidentify them or use the wrong terminology.
Monstera deliciosa and split-leaf philodendron both belong to the Araceae family, but to wholly distinct genera.
To avoid misunderstanding, choose one of the other names for split-leaf philodendron, such as Philodendron bipinnatifidum, Philodendron pygmaeum, or Arum pinnatifidum.
The split-leaf philodendron is unrelated to Monstera deliciosa, yet they are often mistaken for one another because of their similar appearance.
Monsteras are closely linked to peace lilies, but split-leaf philodendrons are strongly related to pothos.
Monstera deliciosa is often known as the Swiss cheese plant because of its pierced leaves. Perforations do not reach the base of the leaf.
Their leaves are often more polished and flat. Monsteras are also noted for their capacity to produce enormous fruit and their tendency to climb.
From a single central stem, the leaves of split-leaf philodendron separate into three leaflets. The fractures begin at the perimeter and advance within. Their foliage seems more ruffled.
The Definitive Guide To Split-Leaf Philodendron Care
Split leaf philodendron is quite easy to maintain. Therefore, it is a popular houseplant. Listed below are the specific requirements for this plant.
To avoid leaf burn, it needs strong, indirect sunlight, but not too much, especially while young. For the plant’s leaves to split, adequate light is necessary.
The ideal setting for Split Leaf Philodendrons is within three feet of a south- or east-facing window with protection provided by blinds.
At lunchtime and in the afternoon, when direct sunlight might burn the leaves, only indirect light should be provided.
Temperature And Humidity
The split-leaf philodendron, a tropical plant, prefers temperatures around 75 degrees. The temperature should vary between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
In temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, it functions badly. It thrives best in environments with a relative humidity of at least 50 percent.
Since the top inch of soil has gotten dry, the split-leaf philodendron needs watering. This is because it cannot withstand too damp soil. It flourishes on nutrient-rich, peat-moss-rich, well-draining soil.
It is recommended that you acquire a drainage tray and fill it with stones or rocks so that there is no standing water after watering the plant.
The presence of brown leaf edges indicates inundation. The appearance of water droplets on the leaves of a plant is a sign of overwatering.
If this is the case, avoid overwatering at all costs, since excessive moisture may inhibit plant growth and leave its roots susceptible to diseases that thrive in wet environments.
The split-leaf philodendron is an ideal houseplant for those who want an exotic plant but are unable to offer the necessary amount of water.
Fertilization is a wonderful approach for guaranteeing the health and growth of your split-leaf philodendron.
Fertilisation-wise, you should apply a balanced fertilizer about once per month from spring through fall.
To keep a dust-free plant, the leaves should be wiped clean with a damp cloth.
Complementary Plant Life
Your split-leaf philodendron may be better able to fit in with its indoor setting if you add complementary plants. It complements pothos, Schefflera, and peace lilies wonderfully.
How To Plant Your Split-Leaf Philodendron
The planting process for split-leaf philodendron is simple.
Choose a container at least twice as wide as the width of your split-leaf philodendron.
Allow the roots of your split-leaf philodendron to expand when planting so that they are not constrained or disturbed. Ensure that your container can accommodate the root ball.
In addition, it is necessary to choose a container with drainage holes in the bottom.
Next, fill the container to roughly two-thirds full with a combination of potting soil and peat moss, and then place your split-leaf philodendron in its new home.
Continue adding soil to the edge of the container until about half or three-quarters of the container is filled, then pat it into place.
Now, water your split-leaf philodendron so that it may get rooted in its new soil.
The best time to water is in the morning, so the plant has the whole day to dry before dark, hence lowering the likelihood that it will get stressed from overwatering and root rot.
You must place the plant in an area that gets sufficient light but is sheltered from direct sunlight for at least half the day. You need strong indirect lighting.
How To Propagate Split-Leaf Philodendron
They may be grown from seed, but the process is slow and challenging since they need a warm atmosphere.
Air layering is a basic and easy-to-execute method. It happens when a stem makes touch with the earth and roots. This occurrence happens often in nature.
You need to wound a little part of the stem. This wound will become the site where roots develop. You may do this by slicing the stem at a slant upwards, but not completely through.
Then, insert a toothpick or pin to prevent the incision from closing, wrap the area with Sphagnum moss, and cover the whole area with plastic to aid in supplying the plant with the essential moisture for rooting.
Rooting may take up to one month. Remove the stem and repot the plant at this point.
This is the optimal method for propagating split-leaf philodendron.
Cut a stem just below a leaf node to propagate a plant using stem cuttings. Remove the leaves from the bottom part of the stem.
Then, immerse the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone and plant it upright in moist potting soil.
Cover the entire plant with plastic in order to keep it moist. Keep your planted stem cutting watered for at least one week, or until the appearance of new growth.
How To Prune Your Split-Leaf Philodendron
It is recommended to regularly prune split-leaf philodendron so that the plant preserves its shape, but also because disease and rot will eventually grow on dead leaves.
When new leaves are small, curled at the ends, and stained with brown, this may indicate root rot or overwatering.
Additionally, you should prune your philodendron during the transition from winter to summer (avoid doing so before December), since this is when most plants experience seasonal changes.
Before you can prune what is left, you must trim the ends of any remaining stems and branches using sharp scissors.
Additionally, take care to remove any dead branches and discolored leaves. It is recommended to reattach it to the trunk.
To keep these plants from outgrowing their container, annual pruning is required.
You should prune the plant to prevent it from taking over your house, but you should never remove more than one-third of the plant at once since doing so might stunt its growth and cause shock.
How To Repot Your Split-Leaf Philodendron
Typically, split-leaf philodendron may be repotted every year or two if it has been growing in a container of the proper size from the beginning of its growth cycle (about 12 inches deep). Spring is the ideal season for repotting plants.
You should choose a larger container with drainage holes. Fill the new container with a nutrient-rich organic soil combination that is about an inch or two larger in diameter than the previous container.
You need sufficient room to prevent overcrowding and preserve a healthy look.
Replace the plant’s former container with the new one. Add more soil to the edge of the container until about half or three-quarters of the container is filled, then pat it into place. Soak the plant’s roots completely.
Are There Any Common Problems With Split-Leaf Philodendron?
As it contains oxalic acid, the split-leaf philodendron is a poisonous plant.
Therefore, you should use caution if you want to bring this plant indoors. This indoor plant is not advised for households with dogs or children.
This plant is poisonous if ingested. It may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, difficulty breathing, throat irritation, and problems breathing.
In addition, the split-leaf philodendron’s sap is irritating to the skin, thus gloves must be used while handling this plant.
Philodendrons with split leaves are pest-resistant plants. Pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, and thrips will cling to a plant that is under stress.
If insects do arrive, you may use insecticidal soap, soapy water, or dish detergent diluted in hot water.
Check the product’s label to check that it is safe to use on houseplants since certain pesticides are hazardous to plants.
Leafs And Roots
The yellowing of a plant’s leaves may be a sign of overwatering, inadequate light, or nutritional deficiency. Reduce the watering frequency and/or relocate the plant closer to a light source.
In addition to being an indication of overwatering, dark brown stains may also signal the beginning of root rot.
Examine the root system of the plant after removing it from its container. The soil must be damp, but not saturated.
If water seems to be gathering around the plant’s roots, you may report it or remove it from its container for several hours to enable it to dry out.
Remove with a clean, sharp knife any roots that are visibly rotting or black in color.
Leaves that are light brown and crispy are a sign of over-or under-watering. Increase the frequency of watering and/or use a humidifier to raise the relative humidity.
Additionally, you may place a tray of water and stones underneath the plant. As the water in the tray evaporates, the relative humidity of the air will rise.
Despite their rarity, split-leaf philodendrons are susceptible to some bacterial diseases such as Erwinia Blight, Xanthomonas leaf spot, and leaf burn.
If the leaves acquire black blemishes or begin to curl, the bacterial disease is likely present.
To keep your philodendron healthy, it is vital to follow the care guidelines.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Big Do Indoor Split-Leaf Philodendrons Grow?
Philodendrons with split leaves may be grown as little houseplants or they can reach a height of six feet. They are often pruned and repotted annually, thus it is not uncommon for their shapes to evolve over time.
Does The Split-Leaf Philodendron Resemble Monstera?
No, the split-leaf philodendron and Monstera are two separate species of plant. The split-leaf philodendron is often referred to as “split-leaf” or “philodendron,” and Monstera is also commonly known as Philodendrons.
What Light Requirements Does A Split-Leaf Philodendron With Damaged Leaves Have?
They need intense, indirect light to flourish. As long as the plant gets sufficient light without getting burnt, it is receiving enough light.
Do Split-Leaf Philodendrons Enjoy Root Confinement?
No, split-leaf philodendrons abhor root restriction. They need space for their root system to grow, so repotting will be necessary at some point.
Are Split-Leaf Philodendrons Poisonous To Humans And Other Animals?
This plant should not be kept around small children or dogs, since they might get unwell if they swallow the leaves.
Because they contain calcium oxalate crystals, the leaves of the split-leaf philodendron are indeed hazardous to humans and animals.
Do Split-Leaf Philodendrons Like Full Sun?
Split-Leaf Philodendron thrives in direct sunlight, but may also grow in partial shade and indirect light. Maintain soil moisture.
The split-leaf variety of philodendron is an appealing plant that works well as a foundation planting in warm gardens and in pots.
It may serve as a room’s focal point or provide a tropical touch to the poolside.
Is Split-Leaf Philodendron A Houseplant?
The split-leaf philodendron is a tropical plant endemic to the rainforests of Central America, from southern Mexico to Panama.
It is the only ornamental aroid-yielding fruit.
This plant is an evergreen liana in the wild, which is a trailing or ascending epiphytic vine that grows high in the rainforest canopy. It may grow up to 70 feet tall and has few branches.
The Split Leaf Philodendron is yet another dependable Araceae houseplant since it is immensely well-liked and incredibly photogenic.
This low-maintenance plant thrives despite neglect, making it excellent for inexperienced gardeners.
The Split-Leaf Philodendron is often confused with Monstera deliciosa, which is often sold under the same name, despite the fact that the two plants are very different.
The split-leaf philodendron is an outstanding low-maintenance indoor tropical plant. The split-leaf philodendron is an attractive, long-lasting plant.
A Split-Leaf Philodendron is an ideal present for anybody who cares about the natural world since it symbolizes love for nature.
Its tendency to grow to a huge size represents personal growth and success. This plant is always productive.
It is also supposed to symbolize health, making it an excellent gift for someone who is battling an illness.
We hope that after reading this guide, you feel more secure in caring for one of these plants.
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