Are Mushrooms A Vegetable?

For thousands of years, people all over the world have enjoyed mushrooms in their food. From button to Portobello, mushrooms are available in many different types.

Are Mushrooms A Vegetable?

This versatile ingredient gives dishes like risotto, soups, and pasta a unique and tasty flavor. 

People often buy their mushrooms from the grocery store, finding a variety of mushrooms in the vegetable aisle.

They may be kept among the vegetables, but are mushrooms actually a vegetable? 

In short, the answer is no! We’ll cover more about why mushrooms aren’t classified as a vegetable in this article, including some of their health benefits and whether you can grow mushrooms at home. 

If you’re interested in learning more about mushrooms, keep reading! 

Are Mushrooms Classed As A Vegetable?

Mushrooms aren’t actually vegetables, as scientists class them as types of fungi.

Mushrooms don’t need light to grow and don’t contain roots, seeds, or leaves, which is why they aren’t vegetables. 

Every single plant contains chlorophyll. This substance gives plants their green hue and transforms light energy into carbohydrates.

Mushrooms don’t contain chlorophyll and receive the carbohydrates they require from plants. 

Facts About Mushrooms

Mushrooms are reproductive shapes created from fungi, acting like the fruits taken from a plant.

Despite this, mushrooms do not grow from seeds, but they do grow from spores.

Spores are very tiny and can only be seen under a microscope. They form beneath mushroom caps or within their gills.

Spores are spread through the wind or by animals. As they land on top of a substrate, they start producing tiny rooting threads.

Substrates are places where mushrooms can receive nutrients, like soil or wood. 

Mushrooms contain a network of tiny rooting threads known as mycelium. The mycelium will start permeating the substrate to access new food.

Mushrooms will emerge and die off quickly, but the mycelium is much stronger. It can live on for many years taking nutrients from the substrate and growing new mushrooms

Health Benefits Of Mushrooms

Mushrooms have a beefy consistency and a light flavor. They are very popular as they taste great and have many health benefits. 

Mushrooms are great to add to a healthy diet as they contain lots of vitamins and minerals.

As they are so nutritious, some might confuse mushrooms with other vegetables, but as noted above, mushrooms are an example of fungi.

Mushrooms are very low in calories and have impressive nutritional values.

For instance, mushrooms that have been in contact with lots of sunlight, like chestnut mushrooms contain lots of vitamin D.

This is important to maintain strong bones and a healthy immune system. 

Cremini mushrooms are another example that is full of zinc. Zinc is important to heal damaged tissue, grow new cells, and keep the immune system in good condition.

It’s also particularly important for infants and young children, as they need enough zinc to keep growing and developing. 

Other health benefits of mushrooms include:

Regulating blood pressure: Mushrooms are full of potassium which handles the negative effects of sodium within the body. Potassium also reduces the amount of tension within the blood vessels to lower high blood pressure. 

Improving the immune system: Mushrooms have anti-inflammatory properties that can enhance the immune system. Mushrooms can activate macrophages inside the immune system. This makes you less susceptible to infections by improving your capacity to fight foreign bodies. 

Weight loss: Research has shown that mushrooms, along with exercise and a healthy diet, can help someone lose weight. Mushrooms are full of fiber and protein that can help keep you full for longer. This is very important when on a calorie deficit, as you’ll want to eat the most filling foods possible. Mushrooms also contain antioxidants that lower your risk of high blood pressure, an obesity-related condition. 

Nutrition: As mentioned above, mushrooms are very nutritious. They are full of fiber, protein, and vitamins, most notably B vitamins. Riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin are particularly important as they can maintain good heart health. They also contain selenium, an antioxidant that sustains a healthy immune system.

What Are Fungi?

Are Mushrooms A Vegetable?

Fungi are a species of bodies that include yeast, molds, mildews, and mushrooms.

Fungi are found all over the world and are very important in the medical and environmental industries.

Fungi are present in soil and water, while other types create parasitic bonds with plants or animals. 

Fungi aren’t like other living things as they consume nutrients and grow differently.

They grow out from other living things and digest their nutrients externally before they are absorbed.

Along with bacteria, they decompose organic matter to release carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and oxygen into the air. 

Mushrooms are known as a type of fungi. Unlike mold and mildew, most mushrooms are perfectly safe to eat.

Fungi are also important within commercial industries, like bread and beer manufacturers.

Some types of fungi, like truffles and morels, are considered delicacies thanks to their unique, nutty flavor. 

What Are Vegetables?

Vegetables are classed as the edible part of a plant. Depending on the plant in question, the vegetable could be the stem, leaves, flowers, bulbs, or root of a plant. 

Despite this, some seeds and fruits are called vegetables. Fruits are fully grown ovaries taken from a plant, but some, like tomatoes and peppers, are known as vegetables.

Peas are another example, as they should be classed as seeds, but they are usually eaten like vegetables.

Are Mushrooms Vegetables?

Botany states that mushrooms are a type of fungi. Despite this, as they are so nutritious, many people class mushrooms as a vegetable.

They are often prepared in the same manner as carrots, onions, and cucumbers. 

To be precise, no, mushrooms aren’t vegetables. However, as they are full of nutrients and vitamins, it’s good to add them to your diet as you would with any other vegetable. 

Can You Grow Mushrooms At Home?

As is the case with many types of vegetables, you can try growing mushrooms at home yourself!

These tasty types of fungi can be grown with other vegetables outside, or inside in a controlled environment. 

Growing mushrooms yourself is relatively easy as they don’t require a lot of space.

If you’re doing this indoors, locations like the basement, closet, or under the sink work well. 

Mushrooms need particular conditions to grow. They do best in dark, cold, and humid settings, as well as a nutritious medium to grow upon. This medium will keep the mushrooms full of nutrients.

Coffee beans and sawdust work well as mediums, but if you don’t have these around, traditional potting soil will do fine.

However, you will need to mix the soil with organic material so the mushrooms can take up these nutrients. 

You can also purchase mushroom growing kits that make the process simple. These will contain most of the necessary ingredients.

All you’ll need to do is add water and keep the mushrooms in the optimum conditions. 


No, mushrooms aren’t a vegetable! They don’t need light and are free from seeds, roots, or leaves. Mushrooms are a type of fungi that grows from spores, not seeds. 

Despite this, as they are so nutritious, many people class mushrooms as vegetables and aim to include them in their diet plan. 

Mushrooms do have many health benefits, so while they may not technically be a vegetable, it’s a good idea to eat a serving of mushrooms regularly each day! 

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Mushrooms Truly Vegan?

Mushrooms may be closer to animals than plants, but they are fungi, which is a completely different class on their own.

They aren’t plants or animals, so for the most part, mushrooms are perfectly safe for vegans to eat. 

However, one type of mushroom, known as the oyster mushroom, maybe an exception.

These mushrooms feed on nitrogen-rich substances, which do include little roundworms. Vegans may choose to avoid these mushrooms, but continue eating other varieties.

Why Are Mushrooms Not Plants?

Mushrooms belong to the fungi group, which is neither plant nor animal.

Unlike plants that create their food through photosynthesis, mushrooms use enzymes to break down matter for food.

Their mycelium penetrates the food source, produces enzymes to assimilate the food, then the mycelium soaks up all of the broken down nutrients.  

What Are The Benefits Of Mushrooms?

Mushrooms are full of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. They may play a role in reducing the chance of experiencing serious health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

Mushrooms are also full of B vitamins that help the body produce red blood cells. They also contain choline which can improve one’s learning and memory abilities.